AFGANISTAN

Creart in Afganistan


Afghan civilians continue to suffer from armed conflict as the country attempts to rebuild itself. Creart supports displaced Afghans in Afghanistan through collaboration with the Norwegian Refugee Council’s education projects in Kabul.

 

Context

The armed conflicts in Afghanistan between government forces and the armed opposition have forced thousands of people to leave their homes in a continuing violation of international humanitarian law (IHL).

In 2018 the number of civilian deaths exceeded 10,000. More than 230,000 Afghan civilians are currently displaced by armed conflict, while 225,000 people have been displaced by drought.

Despite this context of violence, thousands of Afghan refugees are forced to return from Pakistan and Iran every year. About 80 per cent of the returnees from Pakistan are assisted, however, only 4 per cent of the returnees from Iran are assisted.

The most vulnerable groups include women and children. The main problems facing thousands of children in Afghanistan every day are poverty, health, education, child labour, violence, exploitation, child soldiers, child marriage and the right to an identity.

Only 6% of births are registered in Afghanistan. As a result, most Afghan children have no official identity or nationality: they are invisible in the eyes of society. This is a serious problem, especially for Afghan refugee children who have fled the war. It is estimated that there will be about 1.5 million refugee children in camps in Pakistan and Iran. These children are in an illegal situation and without any rights since they do not officially have a legal existence.

 

Creart’s intervention

  • We support displaced Afghans in Afghanistan. This intervention is a pilot project within the framework of the actions of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) for Afghan refugees and displaced persons.
  • The actions in Afghanistan were carried out in Kabul, working with women and children in a centre of the local organisation Woman and Children Empowerment Organization (WACEO). The centre is located in the Shari Kuna area of the old city, an enclave with a history of high crime.
  • We work to improve the skills of a group of educators through artistic experience and creativity.
  • The most relevant results obtained are the reinforcement of skills such as confidence, self-esteem and empowerment as well as the assimilation and integration of artistic technical skills and psychosocial support to work with groups of refugee children.